The improvement of experimental basis of physics course teaching has a sustained character and profound scientific traditions both in domestic and foreign pedagogy.
Formation of physics in Russia started from foundation of St. Petersburg Academy of Science. Russian Academies and Universities were creating special physics laboratories for carrying out physics experiments (e.g. under Kraft G.V., Petrov V.V. etc.). In the course of time, as it is noticed, for instance, in S.I. Vavilov’s papers the research laboratories were being arisen from these physics laboratories and later they came into being scientific-research institutes. But these physics laboratories or “demorooms” had been remained valid at universities and high schools not so much for historical reason as they kept in their content an experimental and research character of the physics that must be studied at higher educational institutions nowadays.
The first rector of Tomsk University professor N.A.
Gethekhues was a physicist; and the first lectures were accompanied by
demo experiments. And in the first decades of the University operation the physics
demoroom was the only experimental basis both for the scientific work and for
students’ practical work.
At present there are about 600 basic
demonstrations in the University physics laboratory. Taking into account the
diversity work with pupils, the number of demonstrated experiments can be
numbered up to 1000. Inherent property of physics as a science is its
development and its steady complicating that leads to the level growth of
mathematical formalization of teaching materials. It occurs, as a rule, because
of considerable contraction of feasibility of demonstrational
experiments and laboratory practical work. Therefore it is urgent to
carry out purposeful development of new physics demonstrational experiments and
practical works. It is undoubtedly that application of modern technical
facilities, for example, lasers promote the performance of new training physics
experiments. Some of the experiments with low luminosity were succeed to
perform for a big audience with the help of television technique. It is
important that the created devices and installations should be rather simple by
their creation and their application in the process of demonstration for
students as well.